J Altern Complement Med. 1996 Spring;2(1):149-59; discussion 161-5.

Overview of substance abuse acupuncture treatment research.

Culliton PD1, Kiresuk TJ.

 

Abstract

The research on the efficacy of acupuncture substance abuse treatment is generally still in an early stage. The methodological weaknesses found in the acupuncture research can be found in most substance abuse research. Sufficient early trial, empirical findings suggest that there are positive treatment effects. Certainly, use of the treatment is popular and widespread. Overall, the research has progressed beyond early clinical trials, and the method has been documented to be safe and potentially useful.

 

A Biochemical Hypothesis for the Effectiveness of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Substance Abuse: Acupuncture and the Reward Cascade

       Sean Scott, William N. Scott
       Center for Pain Management
       125 East Barstow Avenue, Suite 118, Fresno, California 93710 U.S.A.

Abstract: This paper explores the physiological basis of the acupuncture effect in the treatment of addiction and focuses on the relationship of acupuncture to the reward "cascade." It proposes that the reward cascade combined with endorphin mechanisms may provide the biochemical framework to explain the mechanisms by which acupuncture provides relief from the symptoms of drug withdrawal, aids in the recovery from addiction, and may help prevent recidivism.

THE EFFICACY of acupuncture in the treatment of substance abusers and drug withdrawal has been amply demonstrated to the scientific community. While many still regard acupuncture with skepticism, clinical trials and scientific investigations have proven its effectiveness. In fact, acupuncture has become standard procedure in many detoxification programs worldwide. However, the mechanisms underlying the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of addiction remain relatively obscure. In the following, we offer a possible explanation for this effect, which involves two theories.

 

 

A Biochemical Hypothesis for the Effectiveness of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Substance Abuse: Acupuncture and the Reward Cascade

       Sean Scott, William N. Scott
       Center for Pain Management
       125 East Barstow Avenue, Suite 118, Fresno, California 93710 U.S.A.

Abstract: This paper explores the physiological basis of the acupuncture effect in the treatment of addiction and focuses on the relationship of acupuncture to the reward "cascade." It proposes that the reward cascade combined with endorphin mechanisms may provide the biochemical framework to explain the mechanisms by which acupuncture provides relief from the symptoms of drug withdrawal, aids in the recovery from addiction, and may help prevent recidivism.

THE EFFICACY of acupuncture in the treatment of substance abusers and drug withdrawal has been amply demonstrated to the scientific community. While many still regard acupuncture with skepticism, clinical trials and scientific investigations have proven its effectiveness. 1-4 In fact, acupuncture has become standard procedure in many detoxification programs worldwide.1,3,5,6 However, the mechanisms underlying the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of addiction remain relatively obscure. In the following, we offer a possible explanation for this effect, which involves two theories. 

 

 

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